Health & Safety
Health and Safety is a fundamental consideration for all architects and designers. It should be part of everyday working both with activities inside the office and on every project. There is both a legal and professional responsibility to ensure understanding and application of health and safety principles at all times.
This Health and Safety policy sets out the standards and principles for the practice. It is important that all staff familiarise themselves with the contents and ensure that they refer to it when appropriate. If staff are in any doubt over the application or requirements at any time they must ensure that issues are discussed with their line manager or a senior member of staff.
Overriding principles – Staff should:
- Ensure they understand the contents of this document and when to apply them.
- Look out for their own safety first and ensure they never put themselves at risk.
- Ensure that they understand what is required of them and compliance with the practice’s policies.
Section 1: Policy Statement
1.1 General policy
1.11 To issue this Health and Safety Policy to all staff and to new staff members and to issue further or revised guidance from time to time on safety matters affecting the Practice. Staff are required to read the policy thoroughly and sign the relevant documentation confirming receipt of the issue/revision.
1.12 To consult with staff on matters affecting their health and safety and to provide the opportunity to raise health and safety matters at any time.
1.13 To receive proposals from staff, jointly or individually, for improving the effectiveness of these procedures and policies.
1.14 To regularly monitor and revise this policy and health & safety system as necessary, particularly as the business changes in nature and size.
1.2 The Policy in relation to individual staff
1.21 To provide healthy and safe working conditions for staff and for the safety of clients or other members of the public who may visit the premises.
1.22 To operate this policy in conjunction with the safety policies of the landlord of any property occupied by the Practice.
1.23 To give adequate information, instruction, training and supervision to staff on all aspects of their work to ensure, as far as reasonably practicable, their health and safety at work including the safe handling and use of any equipment and hazardous substances.
1.24 To provide and maintain, where necessary, protective clothing and equipment and hard hats in accordance with the Construction (Head Protection) Regulations 1989 (SI No. 2209).
1.25 To record all accidents/injuries and notify any major accidents/injuries or work related diseases to the enforcing authority in accordance with current regulations – Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR 95).
1.3 The Policy in relation to professional functions
1.31 To provide adequate control of the health and safety risks arising from the Practice’s work activities.
1.32 To comply with the requirements of Section 6 of the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 and the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007 (SI No. 320) that the design and specification of construction, demolition or installation work and the manner of its execution shall be such that safe working conditions are possible for all during the construction phase or after completion.
1.33 To obtain from Clients details of existing hazards or safety policies affecting their specific projects.
1.34 To encourage staff to report health and safety hazards to the Practice H & S Co-ordinator. (see 2.2 – Duties and Responsibilities of the Practice H & S Co-ordinator).
1.35 To require clients or contractors to discharge in full their duty of care under the Act to staff of the Practice visiting or out-posted to clients’ property or construction sites.
1.4 Health and Safety risk management
1.41 The Practice, in accordance with the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 and using competent persons, will make suitable and sufficient assessment of all relevant risks or hazards affecting:
- The health and safety of its staff whilst they are working for the Practice;
- The health and safety of other persons not in its employment arising out of or in connection with the conduct of its undertaking.
1.42 The assessment will be recorded and any required changes will be made and recorded accordingly (see Section 7: Health and Safety risk assessment for details).
1.43 Day-to-day responsibility for ensuring this policy is put into practice is delegated to the Practice Health & Safety Co-ordinator
The First Aid Appointed Persons are as displayed at Tea Point.
The appointed Fire Wardens are as displayed at Tea Point.
Section 2: Organisation & Responsibilities
- The Director/Partner with overall responsibility the Health and Safety Policy is Aseem Sheikh.
- The Practice Health & Safety Co-ordinator, Aseem Sheikh, is responsible for implementation of the Health and Safety Policy.
It should be noted, however, that neither are personally responsible for the personal health and safety of staff.
Employers’ requirements under the Health and Safety at Work etc Act are covered under Section 2 and 3.
Section 2(1) of the Act states:
‘It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare at work of all his employees.’
Section 3(1) of the Act states:
‘It shall be the duty of every employer to conduct his undertaking is such a way as to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that persons not in his employment who may be affected thereby are not thereby exposed to risks to their health or safety.’
Members of staff also have responsibilities to co-operate in meeting statutory duties under the Health and Safety at Work etc Act and to take reasonable care of their own health and safety and that of any other persons who may be affected by their acts and omissions.
Section 7 of the Act reads as follows:
‘it shall be the duty of every employee while at work:
- To take reasonable care for the health and safety of himself and of other persons who may be affected by his acts or omissions at work; and
- As regards any duty or requirement imposed on his employer or any other person by or under any of the relevant statutory provisions, to co-operate with him so far as is necessary to enable that duty or requirement to be performed or complied with.’
Section 8 places a duty on all persons whether they be employers, employees or self-employed and states:
‘No person shall intentionally or recklessly interfere with or misuse anything provided in the interests of health, safety or welfare in pursuance of any of the relevant statutory provisions.’
2.2 Duties and responsibilities of the Practice Health & Safety Co-ordinator
These are to:
- Take overall responsibility for the health and safety of staff when carrying out their work.
- Ensure that sufficient resources are provided to meet the practice’s health and safety needs.
- Take executive responsibility for implementing and supervising the Practice’s Health and Safety Policy and its procedures, including risk assessments.
- Ensure all members of the practice co-operate in meeting the aims of the policy.
- Ensure sufficient training is provided to all staff to enable them to fulfil their duties in accordance with the Policy.
- Appoint a First Aid Appointed Person(s) and ensure that the First Aid Box and Accident record book are properly maintained.
- Maintain an Accident Record Book, record all known accidents and significant occurrences of work related ill health.
- Investigate any accidents and work-related periods of sickness absences.
- Ensure fire risk assessment is undertaken and implemented and fire escape routes and equipment are regularly checked and tested.
- Report staff to a Director for appropriate disciplinary action in the event of any breach of or refusal to comply with statutory (or Practice) safety regulations or the Policy of Practice.
- Ensure all staff are given adequate safety training.
- Ensure all staff are issued with a copy of the Policy and any subsequent revisions, and that a signed record copy of the Policy is retained for each member of staff.
- Set a personal example in all aspects of health and safety.
2.3 Responsibilities of staff
All members of staff must:
- Take care of themselves and others who may be affected by their acts or omissions at work.
- Report any accident, however minor, to the Practice Health & Safety Co-ordinator.
- Set a personal example to their colleagues and clients in all aspects of health and safety.
- Ensure electrical plugs are safely and correctly wired and place telephone and electricity cables where they are not a potential hazard.
- Do not overload socket outlets with adaptors and multiple plugs.
- Report any loose connections/faults to the Practice Health & Safety Co-ordinator.
- Switch off electrical machines after use or at the end of the day unless otherwise instructed.
- Report faulty office equipment to the Practice Health & Safety Co-ordinator – untrained staff must not attempt repairs.
- Escape routes (in case of fire), stairways, passageways and space between desks must be kept free of all obstructions.
- Report potential hazards (such as fire escape obstructions) to the Practice Health & Safety Co-ordinator.
- Do not dispose of broken glass or scalpel blades in waste bins. These must be wrapped safely (i.e. blades wrapped in tape) and deposited in the designated bins.
- Always leave the kitchen/refreshment facilities hygienically clean and tidy.
2.4 Responsibilities of the Practice (Directors/Partners)
The Practice (Directors/Partners) as freeholders, leaseholders or tenants of its offices, will ensure:
- Compliance with the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974; Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992; the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005; and with this Policy’s Fire Precautions Section.
- Sufficient Fire Wardens and First Aiders are appointed, trained and their names and responsibilities published.
- Offices are space-planned, cleaned and kept in good repair to ensure safety of staff and visitors.
- Office machinery is safe, properly maintained, fitted with any necessary guards or safety devices and that staff required to use such machinery are trained in its use and are not permitted to carry out repairs without authority.
- A health and safety plan is prepared for all construction, maintenance and repair works at the Practice offices, where CDM Regulations apply.
- Electrical equipment and systems in the premises are properly maintained.
Section 3: Project Design & Construction
NOTE: The Construction (Design and Management) (CDM) Regulations 2007 came into force on 6 April 2007.
This section draws attention to two aspects of Health and Safety affecting Project Design and Construction. These are, firstly, managing risks arising from the design affecting users of the completed facilities and secondly, assessing the risks during construction works.
Both aspects are covered by the original Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974. Section 6 of the Act places duties on persons (e.g. the Practice) who design, import or supply articles for use at work to ensure as far as is reasonably practicable that any plant, machinery, equipment or appliance is so designed and constructed as to be safe without risk to health.
They must carry out any testing or examination necessary to achieve this and ensure that adequate information will be available about the use for which it was designed and about any conditions necessary for its safe use. They must ensure that there is adequate information available about this and about any conditions necessary to ensure that it will be safe and without risks to health when properly used.
The Construction (Design and Management) (CDM) Regulations 2007, establishes the duty of employers, or self-employed persons and of managers (i.e. those ‘not employing but controlling persons at work’) to ensure decisions affecting health and safety during construction works are made following assessment of the risks arising through the design. The term ‘construction works’ includes maintenance, repair and demolition (Regulation 2). These regulations also impose duties on Clients, Consultants and the CDM Co-ordinator. It should be noted that this is different from most construction law in that it is Criminal Law. The client should be made aware of their responsibility and preferably this action confirmed in writing.
3.2 Responsibilities of the Client
The duties of the Client under the CDM Regulations are:
- to appoint a CDM Co-ordinator where the project is notifiable;
- to provide information in the possession of the Client relevant to health and safety aspects of the project to the health and safety file under the direction of the CDM Co-ordinator;
- to appoint a Principal Contractor where the project is notifiable;
- to ensure those appointed are competent and adequately resourced to carry out their health and safety responsibilities;
- to ensure a suitable Health and Safety Plan has been prepared by the Principal Contractor before construction work starts;
- to ensure the Health and Safety File (received at practical completion) is kept available for use.
3.3 Responsibilities of the CDM Co-ordinator
The duties of the CDM Co-ordinator for a notifiable project under the CDM Regulations are:
- to ensure HSE is notified of the project; by issue of a F10A form,
- to ensure co-operation between designers;
- to ensure a pre-tender stage Health and Safety Plan is prepared;
- to advise the Client when requested to do so;
- to ensure a Health and Safety File is prepared and passed to the Client at practical completion.
The duties of the CDM Co-ordinator under his agreement with the Client may also include:
- the preparation and maintenance of the Health and Safety File and preparation of the pre-tender Health and Safety File;
- identification and/or appraisal of hazards arising from the Client’s use of the buildings;
- identification of any surveys required in the context of the Health and Safety Plan.
3.4 Responsibilities of Designers under the CDM Regulations
Refer to the Approved Code of Practice (ACoP) – Managing Health and Safety in Construction – and the CIC Guidance Notes for Designers for detailed context and reference.
The CDM Regulations 2007, Regulation 11 covers Duties of Designers. ‘Designers’ means the Practice, and the individuals.
Designers must make the Client aware of his duties and, in accordance with Regulation 11:
Duties of designers
(1) No designer shall commence work in relation to a project unless any client for the project is aware of his duties under these Regulations.
(2) The duties in paragraphs (3) and (4) shall be performed so far as is reasonably practicable, taking due account of other relevant design considerations.
(3) Every designer shall in preparing or modifying a design which may be used in construction work in Great Britain avoid foreseeable risks to the health and safety of any person
- carrying out construction work;
- liable to be affected by such construction work;
- cleaning any window or any transparent or translucent wall, ceiling or roof in or on a structure;
- maintaining the permanent fixtures and fittings of a structure; or
- using a structure designed as a workplace.
(4) In discharging the duty in paragraph (3), the designer shall
- eliminate hazards which may give rise to risks; and
- reduce risks from any remaining hazards,
and in so doing shall give collective measures priority over individual measures.
(5) In designing any structure for use as a workplace the designer shall take account of the provisions of the Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 which relate to the design of, and materials used in, the structure.
(6) The designer shall take all reasonable steps to provide with his design sufficient information about aspects of the design of the structure or its construction or maintenance as will adequately assist
- other designers; and
to comply with their duties under these Regulations.
3.5 Health and Safety risk control
Identification and control of risk to health and safety is a continuous activity to be taken into account with other factors when making design decisions. It is also to be subject to formal review at the end of each work stage.
The general principles of hazard identification and assessment involve:
listing the processes, tasks or work activities;
- identification of potential hazard(s);
- assessment of each risk in terms of likely frequency and seriousness;
If the hazards cannot be eliminated, follow the hierarchy of risk control:
- alter the design to prevent or remove the hazard, but if that is not reasonably practicable
- combat the risk at source, e.g. provide lifting attachments if appropriate, only then
- consider personal protection, e.g. harnesses or respirators, or special training, or access limitation.
When appointed as a designer to a project the Practice will discharge, as far as is reasonably practicable, its obligations:
(a) to ensure design decisions affecting health and safety during construction works are made following assessment of the risks arising under the CDM Regulations, by:
- applying the principles of the Approved Code of Practice (ACoP) published by HSE;
- following the guidance in ‘Managing Health and Safety in Construction: Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007, published by HSE;
- following ‘The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007: Industry Guidance for Designers’, published by the Construction Industry Training Board;
- allocating members of staff with the necessary competence to undertake specific design tasks;
- providing appropriate training to members of staff;
- developing and regularly reviewing relevant office systems, including, inter alia, design management (e.g. as RIBA Plan of Work); and keeping records of all risk assessments;
- maintaining a library as source of safety information;
- monitoring, as part of quality assurance audit procedures, compliance with the Practice Health and Safety Policy.
(b) to ensure that a design and specification meets the requirements of Section 6 of the Act, by:
- complying with appropriate Acts of Parliament and subordinate legislation, e.g. the Building Act 1984, Building Regulations 2000 (SI No 2000/2531), Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 (SI No 635), Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992, Work at Height Regulations 2005, Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992, etc;
- complying with guidance applicable to specific industrial, sector or substances published by HSE;
- specifying installations, plant, equipment and materials which comply with relevant British Standards and Codes of Practice (subject to EC directives);
- where BS Codes of Practice do not exist, using authoritative sources of information, e.g. IEE Wiring Regulations, CIBSE guides, Agreement Certificates, approved Documents, etc;
- consulting the HSE in cases where guidance is not available or not clear.
(c) to advise the Client if the obligations under the agreement with the Client conflict with the obligations of the Practice under the CDM Regulations.
CDM 2007 recognises that membership of such professional bodies as the RIBA is a good indication of relevant competency under the regulations. However all RIBA members should be aware that they are expected to comply with the CPD requirements and be fully aware of their responsibilities. (RIBA CPD Core-curriculum requires minimum 2 hours CPD per annum on Health and Safety issues).
Other members of staff that belong to other similar professional bodies are considered to have similar status.
Members of staff that are not RIBA members should have relevant CPD training.
Section 4: Site Visits
When any member of staff is making an official visit to other premises or working away from the office (for instance, at the offices of a client, or other consultant or on a construction site) their health and safety is the responsibility of the person or firm or contractor controlling that place.
Nevertheless, the Practice, as the employer, is not absolved from its responsibility but can only discharge its duty of care with the co-operation of the staff.
Everyone’s compliance with the following guidelines will help with the achievement of the principal aims of ensuring the safety of each staff member, and the safety of others.
4.2 Time and location of visit
Any staff member who intends to be out of the office for any reason must enter the precise details of time and location into the office diary and inform the office if these arrangements change.
4.3 Personal safety
All staff should take special care when visiting sites, inspecting properties unaccompanied, leaving offices or attending appointments after dark and should remain on guard when travelling on public transport late at night or in remote places. They should be wary of escorting strangers around empty properties by themselves. Be aware of advice on personal safety by the Police.
4.4 Permission to visit site
Do not enter sites or buildings without permission.
On construction sites, the Contractor is responsible for the safety of persons lawfully on the site. Be aware of, and comply with all of the Contractor’s on site Health and Safety requirements. Report to him/her on arrival and when you leave.
If visiting occupied buildings, make prior arrangements with the person in charge and report on arrival to the responsible member of staff in the area or department being visited and on leaving. Always seek assistance from others on the site when personal safety is at risk.
Do not visit a site or an empty building or unfrequented spaces (e.g. ducts) in existing buildings on your own without permission. Make sure someone knows where you are, what you are doing and report back at an agreed time. Establish an action plan in case of non-appearance after an agreed time.
4.5 Planning a site visit
It is the client’s responsibility to provide enough information about the site to enable a visit to be undertaken with full knowledge of the conditions.
It is good practice to undertake a Health and Safety risk assessment to focus attention on any issues that will need to be identified and need to be avoided.
Procedures need to be adjusted depending on whether the site is occupied or unoccupied.
Plan the visit and take appropriate equipment and protective clothing. As a minimum, all visits will require:
- a hard hat that is undamaged and ‘in-date’
- boots or shoes with steel toecaps and preferably steel insoles
- high visibility vest or jacket
additionally quite often the following may also be required
- safety glasses
- full high visibility clothing
- additional warm or water proof clothing
- sun block (especially for roof inspections in summer)
Familiarise yourself with all safe working rules applicable to the site or place being visited and comply with them. Such rules could cover access and egress, the wearing of safety helmets, safety harnesses, eye protection, ear protection, footwear and clothing, special precautions in areas of particular hazard, reporting your presence on site, etc. When conducting third parties on construction sites, you must ensure that they always wear hard hats, high visibility clothing and are wearing appropriate protective clothing.
4.6 Occupied site safety rules
The basic safety rule is when staff perform their duties, they must not put themselves or others at risk whatever pressures are exerted by others. Draw attention to risks or hazards that appear to have gone unnoticed.
When visiting any construction site or surveying or inspecting premises under the control of a contractor:
- ensure that on your first visit you are offered and attend a site induction. If you are not able to be given an induction for any reason, do not enter the site;
- always attend site properly equipped;
- do not accept an escort as an alterative to inductions as your guide could be needed in an emergency and you will not know the safe way to exit the site.
- wear a hard hat, suitable clothes and stout shoes or boots with toe caps; do not wear thin-soled, high heeled or slippery shoes;
- avoid loose clothes which might catch on obstructions;
- familiarise yourself beforehand with the plan of the building, particularly the exit routes; make sure that security devices on exits will allow you to reach safety quickly;
- check on protection when approaching stairwells, balustrading, lift shafts, roof perimeters, etc; only use lifts when permitted; beware of ladders with rusty or rotten rungs, and never climb a ladder which is not securely fixed;
- ensure that there are toe boards to each lift of scaffolding, scaffold plates and that plant hoists are correctly protected;
- check that planks are secure; beware overhead projections, scaffolding and plant, and proceed with caution;
- keep clear of excavations; walk over the structural members (e.g. joists, beams, etc.) whenever possible – do not rely on floorboards alone; look for defects in the floors ahead, e.g. wet areas, holes, materials that might cover holes; do not lean on guard rails or roof lights;
- do not touch any plant or equipment; keep clear of machinery and stacked materials; watch out for temporary cables, pumps, hoses and electrical fittings;
- assume that services (e.g. cables, sockets, pipes, etc.) are not safe or have not been isolated;
- leave the building immediately if you suspect the presence of gas, flammable liquids, dangerous chemicals or free asbestos fibre;
- take particular care in windy, cold, frosty, wet or muddy conditions;
- do not walk and look around at the same time; keep one hand free at all times when moving; be in a safe and balanced position whenever making notes or taking photographs; do not become distracted while climbing ladders.
- ensure any access equipment you used is in good working order, is insured and if needed is operated by a correctly trained operator.
4.7 Unoccupied Site or Building
If the building or site is unoccupied, always anticipate hazards. Do not take chances. Do not visit an empty building if you think it unsafe. Do not visit an unoccupied site if it could be considered to be dangerous. Notify the office if you intend to visit an unoccupied building.
Undertake a Health and Safety risk assessment to understand what is known and what is a potential risk. If in doubt ask the client for more information or ask for additional resources to ensure that any potential risks can be mitigated.
Common dangers include:
- rotten or insecure floors and stairs;
- unsupported excavations and trenches;
- hidden pits, ducts, openings, etc;
- fragile construction, e.g. roof sheeting;
- spaces which have not been used or ventilated for some time;
- contamination by chemicals or asbestos;
- intruders who may still be around;
- contamination by vermin or birds, or poisons put down to control them;
- unstable groundworks;
- watercourses and wells hidden by overgrown vegetation.
4.8 Structural Collapse
On discovering a partial or total structural collapse do not enter that section of the building, and consider the need:
- to contact the HSE and/or the Local Authority Building Control Officer;
- to contact the police where the public may be affected;
- for the display of appropriate hazard notices.
When any accidents occur on sites or buildings where the Practice is carrying out professional services, proceed in accordance with the guidance in Section 5.
Building operations and works of engineering construction, both on Crown and other sites are by definition factories under the Factories Act 1961, so the HSE Inspectorate have major powers on all sites. The HSE may delegate the duties of the enforcing authority to the appropriate Local Authority.
4.10 Hazardous Activities
Report any apparent or potentially unsafe or hazardous procedures on a construction site to the Contract Administrator (or Employer’s Agent) or the clerk of works, or if these are not available, to the site agent or person responsible for that place. All such reports should be noted and, in the case of a construction site, recorded at the next site meeting.
In the case of any dangerous, or potentially dangerous, site activity, the Contractor or person responsible must be advised to cease carrying out that particular activity which contravenes the Health and Safety at Work Act and to continue only in a manner which does accord with that Act. Take steps to ensure these actions are confirmed by written notice by the Contract Administrator (or Employer’s Agent) to the Contractor (or person responsible) as soon as possible.
It should be emphasised that failure to deal adequately with the danger will be notified to the HSE Inspectorate. If in doubt as to whether a situation is dangerous or not, err on the side of safety and contact the local HSE Inspector for advice.
4.11 Unsafe Practices
Do not act as a safety officer for Contractors or others but informed professionals have a duty and a legal responsibility to prevent, so far as reasonably practicable, a Contractor or others from carrying out unsafe practices and placing staff or visitors in jeopardy.
When encountering any difficulties or being unable to deal with a situation, seek the advice of the HSE immediately at the local office.
Section 5: Miscellaneous Procedures
5.1 Accident Reporting / First Aid
Any incident which results in injury to any person or damage to any equipment or property affecting or involving the Practice and its staff and all accidents in the Practice premises must be reported to the Practice H & S Co-ordinator who will record the incident. On the spot collection of factual information (location, witnesses, measurement, parties involved, police and fire brigade services, hospital, photographs where possible) will be the responsibility of the Practice H & S Co-ordinator or senior person concerned.
Any accident on a construction site must be reported immediately to the relevant person in charge and to the Practice H & S Co-ordinator on return to the office.
The First Aid Appointed Person(s) is trained in emergency first aid on the premises. They must be notified immediately an accident occurs. The First Aid Box is situated on the wall at the Tea Station together with the Accident Record Book. The Practice H & S Co-ordinator is responsible for the contents of the First Aid Box and maintaining the relevant record book.
Emergency services (police, fire, ambulance) are contacted by telephoning ‘999’.
The nearest Accident and Emergency Unit is the St Thomas’, Westminster Bridge RD, London, SE1 7EH
The local police station telephone number is 101 (Kennington).
5.2 Illness – Not Used
5.3 Occupational Health
All members of staff are expected to have regard to the maintenance of their own physical and mental well-being in the conduct of their business and personal lives.
Excessive stress in personal or business life can impair performance and lead to illness. Any member of the firm who considers they are suffering from excessive stress, for whatever reason, should consult the Practice H & S Co-ordinator or a Director in the first instance, who will treat the matter confidentially.
In the interests of fire safety, as well as general health and the working environment, the Practice operates a non-smoking policy on the premises.
All members of staff or other persons engaged by the Practice on its business or at any time when using a vehicle supplied by the Practice must conform with all requirements of the Road Traffic Acts, associated legislation and the Highway Code.
All personnel driving in the course of their employment or driving vehicles supplied by the Practice must:
- ensure that the vehicle is serviced, maintained and operated in accordance with the manufacturer’s guidelines. If the condition of a Practice’s vehicle is in doubt, advice or a garage should be sought;
- be in possession of a valid UK driving licence. This must be checked by the Practice every year and endorsements notified to the insurers (for Company vehicles);
- ask staff’s GP if any prescribed medication will affect their driving ability and if so they must refrain from driving;
- refrain from using telephones whilst driving;
- wear glasses or lenses if prescribed for this activity.
Personnel must avoid over the counter medications such as anti-depressants, antihistamines for hay fever, nettle rash, asthma, eczema, or travel sickness preparations or cough remedies which can adversely affect driving.
Personnel must not drive having consumed alcohol.
Staff are advised to consider the provision of a fire extinguisher (dry Powder) and a first aid kit for their vehicles.
Staff driving on business of the Practice, in a vehicle not supplied by the Practice, must have full comprehensive insurance cover to cover the driver and passengers in the course of their employment.
5.6 Hazardous Substances
When any potential hazardous substances are used at work, the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH) require a register to be kept listing such risks and warning notices to be posted adjacent to store and equipment using hazardous materials or substances.
Basic precautions, as follows, must be adhered to:
- All chemicals must be stored bearing the approved safety signage and directions.
- Never ‘top up’ one bottle from another.
- Never mix chemicals as these may be incompatible and cause an adverse reaction.
- Ensure adequate ventilation when using glues, solvents, etc.
If an accident occurs:
- ventilate the area;
- evacuate staff;
- summon emergency services if necessary;
- ensure a full written report is prepared without delay and submitted to the manager responsible.
The most hazardous materials are likely to be cleaning chemicals. The basic precaution is to avoid mixing any two cleaners which are incompatible, such as powder and acid cleaners, liquid bleaches and powder bleaches. In both cases, toxic gases can be produced. Protective gloves and in some cases goggles must be worn when handling the chemicals.
Chemicals used by staff might include duplicating fluids, glues and solvents and reprographic chemicals. In all such cases, adequate ventilation needs to be available when these materials are used. The warning labels, if any, must be carefully studied and the precautions on them followed. Some of these materials may be flammable and the appropriate precautions, such as prohibition of smoking, should be taken.
5.7 Visual Display Units (VDUs)
The Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment) Regulations 1992 require the risks of VDU work to be assessed. The HSE publication Work with Display Screen Equipment L26 gives practical help on how to carry out the assessment.
The objectives of the assessment are to meet the following criteria for health and comfort.
- The VDU screen should be positioned to avoid unnecessary reflections on it.
- Brightness should be variable, image should be steady and characters should be clear.
- The chair should be correctly adjusted for height and back support and in good condition.
- The need for breaks depends on the nature and intensity of the work, the Regulations require breaks or changes of activity but do not specify their timing or length. Short, frequent intervals are more beneficial than infrequent ones. Work should be arranged so that it is interspersed with other tasks.
- VDU operators should have their eyes tested before operating a VDU and at yearly intervals. Spectacle wearers should consult their optician.
- People who suffer from epilepsy or associated illnesses should see their own medical adviser before operating VDUs.
- Discomfort or illness associated with VDUs must be reported to the Practice H & S Co-ordinator.
5.8 Use of Office Equipment
Whilst no special training is needed on any particular Practice equipment, care should be taken when For example:
- using the guillotine and binder machine;
- trimming with a scalpel blade or knife- always use a cutting mat and steel edge;
- using a ladder, which should only be undertaken when another member of staff is present to supervise/hold the ladder;
- lifting and carrying heavy loads – the Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 apply.
No member of staff should attempt to lift a load which is beyond their capacity. People with back problems should not attempt any lifting.
Responsibility for ensuring the effective maintenance and guidance on the safe use of office equipment lies with the Practice Health & Safety Co-ordinator.
5.9 Advice and Consultancy
Enforcing Authority: Lambeth Council, 2 Herne Hill Road, London, SE24 0AU tel: 020 7926 6109
Employment Medical Advisory Service: Lambeth Council, 2 Herne Hill Road, London, SE24 0Au tel: 020 7926 6109
Visitors must report to Reception upon arrival and sign the Visitors’ Book. Staff should be aware of the whereabouts of visitors to the premises at all times.
Section 6: Fire & Emergency Precautions
6.1 Fire Precautions Register & Risk Assessment
The Practice H & S Co-ordinator maintains, in the Health and Safety file, a Register of Fire Precautions giving details of checks on equipment, systems, fire drills and the Practice’s Fire Warden(s).
In line with the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 an up-to-date Risk Assessment is held by the Practice H & S Co-ordinator and suitable action taken regarding identified risks.
Since 6 April 2007 compliance with the new Approved Document Part B Fire Safety 2007 is required, together with the BS 5588 series of standards, unless alternative fire engineering approaches are required when DD9999 (2005) can be used or a Fire Engineer consulted. The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 will generally be complied with, from a design viewpoint, if the above procedures are followed in workplace design.
6.2 Means of Escape
No person should obstruct a means of escape. Fire exit routes must never be obstructed or fire doors wedged open.
6.3 Fire Evacuation Procedures and Practices
A fire drill should be undertaken at least twice in every period of 12 months and training in evacuation will be given regularly by the fire system’s maintenance company.
In the event of a fire:
- Operate the nearest fire alarm point and call ‘999’ for assistance.
- Normally the Fire Warden(s) will be responsible for assessing fire fighting but in their absence attack the fire if possible (and if you have been trained), without taking personal risk, with the appliances provided.
- If an electrical appliance is involved, switch off the current before dealing with the fire and use the appropriate CO2 extinguisher located by rear fire escape, central office column, tea point.
- Other sources of fire can be tackled by the other extinguisher(s), located at rear fire exit and by main entrance.
- Shut doors and, if possible, windows before leaving the room. Do not stop to collect personal belongings.
- Use the nearest available exit and leave the building.
- Report to the Practice Health & Safety Co-ordinator at the assembly point which is located at the rear of the building on Surman Street.
The current Fire Warden(s) is/are as indicated on wall at tea station. Fire Wardens’ duties, in addition to the above, are as follows:
- to familiarise themselves with the location and operation of fire fighting equipment in the office and the escape routes;
- to advise staff on fire precautions and equipment as necessary;
- to keep alert to any potential fire hazards within the office, e.g. build up of waste, obstruction of escape routes, and to take necessary action to remove the hazard;
- in the event of an evacuation of the office to carry out a rapid but thorough check to ensure it is clear of people before they themselves leave, and to report the completion of the search to the Practice H & S Co-ordinator outside the building;
- to inform neighbouring occupants in order that their own procedures may be put into operation.
Generally, fire fighting operations must be abandoned if:
- The means of escape is threatened;
- The fire is out of control;
- The extinguisher is exhausted.
6.4 Fire Protection Systems
6.41 System Records
Details of all maintenance, testing or alterations to fire protection systems should be recorded in the Fire Precautions Register by or on behalf of the Practice H & S Co-ordinator. In the case of fire alarms, details of the causes of all alarms (genuine, practice or test), faults which develop, periods of disconnection, and any further action required should also be recorded in the Register.
6.42 Fire Alarms
The fire warning system should be checked periodically, with different call points (following a set sequence) activated upon each occasion.
Responsibility for ensuring that this takes place lies with the Genesis Housing.
6.43 Emergency Lighting
The installation should be tested every six months, with a full discharge test once a year. Periodic visual checks of the system should be made by or on behalf of the Practice H & S Co-ordinator.
6.44 Fire Fighting Equipment
- The purpose of portable fire fighting equipment is as follows:
- to extinguish minor fires;
- to protect means of escape as a priority;
- to protect staff and visitors;
- to protect property.
Fire extinguishers are maintained by FESCO, 201 Wylds lane, Worcester Tel: 01905 351058 and checked (annually), at which time specific training in their use will be given by them.
Responsibility for ensuring the effective maintenance and guidance on the safe use of fire fighting equipment lies with the Practice Health & Safety Co-ordinator.
The list below identifies a variety of fire fighting appliances. Note that all fire extinguishers are now Red (colour) and may have a distinguishing label or band to denote the type of contents.
Water Fire Extinguishers – For use on Wood, Paper, Textiles.
Foam Fire Extinguishers – For use on Wood, Paper, Textiles, Petrol, Diesels and Oils.
Powder Fire Extinguishers – Highly versatile, for use on all above plus Electrical hazards, e.g. computers, switchgear.
CO2 Fire Extinguishers – Particularly effective for electrical fires, plus Petrol, Diesels, Oils
6.5 Bombs and Bomb Warnings
6.51 Suspect Letter or Package
- Do not tamper with it.
- Place it in a protective container if available, but otherwise leave it alone.
- Evacuate the immediate area and adjacent offices/areas, and allow no-one in other than specialist disposal personnel.
- Inform the Practice H & S Co-ordinator immediately, who will summon the Police and other assistance.
6.51 Bomb Warning on the Telephone
- Notify the Practice H & S Co-ordinator without delay.
- At the same time, attempt to keep the caller talking and note down as much information as possible about both the suspect bomb and the caller, as follows:
- location of the device
- how long before it is due to go off
- type of device and size
- reason for the device
- time the call was received
- accent and approximate age of the caller.
On receipt of a bomb warning switch off all radios and disconnect batteries.
- Reception or Practice H & S Co-ordinator should immediately inform the Fire Wardens.
- The Fire Wardens should institute and supervise searches within office, and service areas, common parts, exit routes and the Assembly Area.
- Everyone should stay within their office area and await instructions from their Fire Warden.
If the building has to be fully or partially evacuated, instructions, including the exit routes and Assembly Area to be used, will be passed via Fire Wardens.
Everyone should then quickly but quietly make their way outside the building, along the exit routes to the Assembly Area given, to answer the roll call and await instructions.
Everyone should be warned to keep clear of large areas of glass and, with this in mind, the Assembly Point will be located at the front of the building on Spring Gardens.
Evacuation of all staff and notification of the brigade in the event of fire is the primary solution. However, waste bin or other small fires can cause considerable damage prior to fire brigade arrival. Fire Wardens’ training of responsible staff not only encourages good fire housekeeping practices and managed evacuations but also first aid fire fighting action with extinguishers and blankets. This can considerably reduce losses to the practice whilst not putting the Fire Marshalls at undue risk.
Base Associates are committed to eliminating discrimination and encouraging diversity amongst our employees. We aim to achieve an environment in which employees will be drawn from all sections of our society, where each individual is respected and able to achieve their full potential, making a unique contribution our success.
This policy aims to affirm our determination to provide equality and fairness for all in our employment and not to discriminate on grounds of gender, marital status, race, ethnic origin, colour, nationality, national origin, disability, sexual orientation, religion or age. We strongly oppose all forms of unlawful and unfair discrimination.
All employees, whether part-time, full-time or temporary, will be treated fairly and with respect. Selection for employment, promotion, training or any other benefit will be on the basis of aptitude and ability. All employees will be helped and encouraged to develop to their full potential and the talents and resources of the team will be fully utilised to maximise the efficiency of the organisation. Both the individual and the collaborative success of the team will be celebrated.
- To ensure that all staff, clients and individuals we have links to, are aware of our equal opportunity and diversity policy, together with the value placed upon it.
- To create a working environment in which individual differences and the contributions of all our staff are recognised and valued.
- That every employee, client and stakeholder is entitled to an environment that promotes the dignity and respect to all. No form of intimidation, bullying or harassment will be tolerated (as specified in our Bullying and Harassment Policy), firm action will be taken against anyone who denies another their right to dignity and respect.
- To guarantee that training and development opportunities are available to all staff and that these are tailored to develop and build upon an individual’s strengths, whilst providing support in areas that can be improved.
- To introduce monitoring of job applicants, to ensure that we are reaching and attracting as diverse a set of candidates as possible through our recruitment processes.
- To consider all employees possessing the relevant skills for internal career progression opportunities.
- To make reasonable adjustments to help overcome physical and non-physical barriers for both our employees, clients and potential job applicants.
- To give active consideration to all requests for flexible working arrangements, based upon individual circumstances and business needs.
- To annually review all personnel procedures including recruitment, selection, promotion, training, discipline and grievance, to ensure that they comply with diversity requirements.
- Ensure all staff are aware of this Policy as part of the Office Manual.
- To continue to highlight, through the Staff Induction programme, our commitment to equality and diversity and that if discrimination occurs, immediate action that will be taken.
- We will meet all statutory obligations under relevant legislation and, where appropriate, anticipate future legal requirements. In addition we will try to fulfil the Codes of Practice issued by the Equal Opportunities Commission and the Commission for Racial Equality, together with the Codes of Practice on Disability and Age Diversity.
Equality and diversity in the workplace not only allows fairness for all, it also makes good business sense, allowing the most able and talented people to help our business succeed.
Base associates is a RIBA Chartered Practice and is therefore bound by the Institute’s code of professional standards.
Our offices are registered and certified as a RIBA Chartered Practice.
The Royal Instituite of British Architects (RIBA) is the UK’s professional body and association of architects, setting standards for architects and improving design quality in the built environment.
The RIBA website has more information on architecture and what architects can do for you.
All architects employed by the company are registered with the Architects Registration Board under the Architects Acts 1997 – more information at www.arb.org.uk.
Professional Indemnity Insurance
The company is currently insured for the period ending 18th August 2012 with Aviva Insurance Limited.
Training & Development
Base is committed to the training and development of its staff throughout their careers.
At Base Associates we want everyone to fulfil their potential. All staff are encouraged to follow a Continuous Professional Development programme and are supported in maintaining the appropriate professional memberships (RIBA, ARB etc.) and moving up through the membership grades to full Member, Fellow or Chartered status.
Training is carried out both in-house and externally and development needs are tailored to the employees’ and Practice requirements through regular staff reviews followed by the implementation and monitoring of Action or Personal Development Plans.
Training may include anything from regular basic Health & Safety or CDM updates, general work and life skills, such as presentation skills, Welsh language, first aid and marketing, to professional qualifications including HNC, HND, degrees and specialised areas like BREEAM assessor or CDM Co-ordinator.
The ongoing training and development of our team builds knowledge, skills, enjoyment and confidence. It is an integral part of our Continuous Improvement plan and ensures we continue to meet and exceed our quality objectives.
Base Associates believes that design must be considered as part of the process that influences the sustainability of the building and should be driven by the entire project team. A truly sustainable building can only be achieved through a fully inclusive and collaborative approach.
We therefore define ‘sustainability’ holistically. It is about creating projects and relationships that last, that work, that meet our clients’ requirements, that are financially viable, that protect the environment and that bring benefits to the local community.
To turn this philosophy into reality, we continually develop a bank of knowledge and expertise in sustainability across all members of our team. We furthermore adopt a partnership approach with our clients because sometimes we find potential and actual conflicts between sustainability goals. This means that when we find conflicts, we work hard with our clients to reconcile them, according to their values and objectives as well as ours.
In practical terms you can see what our policy means in terms of:
Our Approach to Projects;
- We work with our clients to agree sustainability objectives at the briefing stage of projects.
- We review sustainability at each key stage of a project and report on progress-to-date as well as identifying opportunities to increase project sustainability in line with initial objectives.
- We work to minimise waste through good design, in terms of materials used and methods of construction, and ensure our clients are fully aware of their legal obligations with regard to waste.
- We incorporate sustainability questions in formal client feedback on projects.
The Way We Run Our Business;
- We build relevant expertise internally to offer advice to our clients as a Centre of Excellence, including having close working relationships with SAP and Code for Sustainable Homes Assessors.
- We engage with our local community, especially those in education to promote awareness of construction, the ‘physical world’ and creating positive sustainable working environments.
- We share our expertise with our local community by participating in relevant bodies and organisations that shape our physical environment to build sustainable communities, such as Design Review
- Panels (Kingston) & local authority Partnerships (Vauxhall BID).
- We minimise waste in many of our internal processes by, for example, using electronic documents and drawings wherever possible; planning journeys to be efficient in the use of time and resources; sorting and recycling in our office with the aim to reach zero waste to landfill.
How We Develop our People and Pass On our Expertise to Others;
- We are extremely active in developing our own knowledge by attending courses; through our employee-led, CPD presentations; in internal forums and discussions; through reference documentation posted on our Extranet, where we are buildng an extensive knowledge base available to all our team.
- Sustainability is a key element in Personal Development Plans for all staff.
- We share expertise externally via Briefing Papers; staff reviews, client reviews, reports and advice.